A Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) plan describes how the whole M&E system for the project or programme works. The plan should include the indicators that will measure the initiative’s results, the methodology used to measure said indicators, the means of verification, who is responsible for collecting them, what forms and tools will be used, how the data will flow through the organisation and how the information will be used to constantly improve the initiative.
The M&E Plan should be developed during the design and planning stage of the project and should be fully integrated with other project planning tools to ensure the monitoring is cross-cutting and taken into account at all times. However, it is never too late to develop a M&E plan, though elaborating one after the start of an initiative will mean that you are constrained in the data you will be able to collect and the ability to measure the impact of your actions.
In order for your M&E to be successful and respond to the needs of your project or program and those of your organization, it is crucial that it be based on your project design. It is important that you do a Needs-Based Assessment before starting to design your intervention and that you develop a Theory of Change or Logical Framework during the design phase of your project or program.
Below are some resources to help get you started in developing a Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for your project or programme.